Non-communicable-diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic or lifestyle diseases, are responsible for 70% of global deaths. NCDs are becoming extremely common in Uganda due to the unhealthy lifestyles people are adopting.
The Common Types of Non-Communicable-Diseases are:
- Cardiovascular diseases (heart attacks and stroke)
- Chronic respiratory diseases (chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma)
- Sickle cell Anemia
- Mental and bodily disorders
Behavioral Risk Factors Include:
- Tobacco use
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy diet
- Harmful use of alcohol
NCDs can be prevented through the following
- Avoiding tobacco use – smoking, chewing, shisha and any other form of using tobacco
- Exercising regularly at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity daily
- Avoiding alcohol abuse – not more than two 330mls of standard beer a day for males and one for females
- Eating healthy foods with less fat, less sugar and less salt, Eat plenty of vegetables and fresh fruits, avoid adding row salt in food.
- Having a health check at least once a year, visit your health worker even if you have no complaint for a medical checkup. Your weight, height, blood pressure should be checked among others.