Non communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic or lifestyle diseases are disease that are not easily transferable from one person to another either through direct contact or vectors. NCDs are increasingly becoming common in Uganda due to unhealthy lifestyles people are adopting.
The Common Types of Non Communicable Diseases are:
- Cardiovascular diseases ( like heart attacks and stroke)
- Chronic respiratory diseases ( such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma)
- Sickle cell Anaemia
Behavioral Risk Factors Include:
- Tobacco use
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy diet
- Harmful use of alcohol
NCDS can be prevent through the following
- Avoiding tobacco use such as smoking, chewing, shisha and any other form of using tobacco
- Exercising regularly at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity daily 5days a week.
- Avoiding alcohol abuse for example not more than two 330mls of standard beer a day for males and one for females
- Eating healthy foods with less fat, less sugar and less salt, Eat plenty of vegetables and fresh fruits, avoid adding row salt in food.
- Having a health check at least once a year, visit your health worker even if you have no complaint for a medical checkup. Your weight, height, blood pressure be checked among others.