Resource 501/NCDS

Non-communicable-diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic or lifestyle diseases, are responsible for 70% of global deaths. NCDs are becoming extremely common in Uganda due to the unhealthy lifestyles people are adopting.

The Common Types of  Non-Communicable-Diseases are:

  • Diabetes
  • Cancers
  • Cardiovascular diseases (heart attacks and stroke)
  • Chronic respiratory diseases (chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma)
  • Sickle cell Anemia
  • Mental and bodily disorders

Behavioral Risk Factors Include:

  • Tobacco use
  • Physical inactivity
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Harmful use of alcohol
  • Stress

NCDs can be prevented through the following

  • Avoiding tobacco use – smoking, chewing, shisha and any other form of using tobacco
  • Exercising regularly at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity daily
  • Avoiding alcohol abuse – not more than two 330mls of standard beer a day for males and one for females
  • Eating healthy foods with less fat, less sugar and less salt, Eat plenty of vegetables and fresh fruits, avoid adding row salt in food.
  • Having a health check at least once a year, visit your health worker even if you have no complaint for a medical checkup.  Your weight, height, blood pressure should be checked among others.